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Read the latest from GENETICS Early Online
Histone Chaperone Paralogs Have Redundant, Co-operative and Divergent Functions in Yeast [Investigation]
Gene duplications increase organismal robustness by providing freedom for gene divergence or by increasing gene dosage. The yeast histone chaperones Fpr3 and Fpr4 are paralogs that can assemble nucleosomes in vitro, however the genomic locations they target and their functional relationship is poorly understood. We refined the yeast synthetic genetic array (SGA) approach to enable the functional dissection of gene paralogs. Applying this method to Fpr3 and Fpr4 uncovered redundant, co-operative and divergent functions. While...
Historical Introgressions from a Wild Relative of Modern Cassava Improved Important Traits and May Be Under Balancing Selection [Investigation]
Introgression of alleles from wild relatives has often been adaptive in plant breeding. However, the significance of historical hybridization events in modern breeding is often not clear. Cassava (Manihot esculenta) is among the most important staple foods in the world, sustaining hundreds of millions of people in the tropics, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. Widespread genotyping makes cassava a model for clonally-propagated root and tuber crops in the developing world and provides an opportunity to study...
How Boundaries Form: Linked Nonautonomous Feedback Loops Regulate Pattern Formation in Yeast Colonies [Investigation]
Under conditions in which budding yeast form colonies and then undergo meiosis/sporulation, the resulting colonies are organized such that a sharply-defined layer of meiotic cells overlays a layer of unsporulated cells termed "feeder cells". This differentiation pattern requires activation of both the Rlm1/cell-wall integrity pathway and the Rim101/alkaline-response pathway. In the current study, we analyzed the connection between these two signaling pathways in regulating colony development by determining expression patterns and cell-autonomy relationships. We present...